The pomegranate, a plant belonging to the Lythraceae genus, is a plant native to the area between Iran and the Himalayan chain, as well as being present since ancient times also in the Caucasus regions and the entire Mediterranean scrub in general. Introduced in Latin America by the Spanish conquerors in 1769, it is currently widely cultivated in Mexico, California and Arizona.
A small tree with a bushy habit, the pomegranate can reach 5 meters in height and live over a hundred years. Its leaves are shiny, narrow and elongated while its flowers are bright red and have three or four petals.
The fruit of this plant, called pomegranate or grenade, is a very robust round berry with a diameter of up to 12 cm and whose size is strongly influenced by the variety and cultivation conditions. The seeds, placed inside the berry, are red in color and in some varieties they are surrounded by a translucent pulp colored from white to ruby red, more or less acidic which, in the edible fruit varieties, takes on sweet and fragrant connotations.